文章摘要
董海平1,牛俊杰1*,于秋月1,赵景波2,贺美芳3.历史时期山西古城遗址的分布及影响因素分析[J].海南师范大学学报自科版,2020,(4):453-462
历史时期山西古城遗址的分布及影响因素分析
Distribution and Influencing Factors of Shanxi Ancient City Sites inHistorical Periods
  
DOI:10.12051/j.issn.1674-4942.2020.04.013
中文关键词: 历史时期  古城遗址  Ripley's K函数  空间分布  影响因素
英文关键词: historical period  ancient city site  Ripley's K function  spatial distribution  influence factor
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学规划基金项目(18YJC751068);山西省高等学校人文社会科学重点研究基地项目 (20200133)
作者单位
董海平1,牛俊杰1*,于秋月1,赵景波2,贺美芳3 1. 太原师范学院 历史地理与环境变迁研究所山西 晋中 030619 2. 陕西师范大学 地理科学与旅游学院陕西 西安 710062 3. 太原理工大学 建筑学院山西 晋中 030619 
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中文摘要:
      将GIS空间分析方法引入山西省新石器—明清时期古城遗址的研究中,运用Ripley's K 函数研究历史时期山西省古城遗址的空间集聚性,从地形特征分析各时期遗址的空间分布规律, 通过查阅历史资料分析影响遗址分布的自然和人文因素,利用缓冲区分析的方法分析河流的影 响。研究结果表明:新石器、春秋—秦和汉—南北朝时期的古城遗址在空间上显著聚集分布,夏— 西周、隋唐、宋—元和明清时期的古城遗址随机分布,但各时期最强聚类程度的距离不同;新石器 —明清时期古城遗址数量呈“N”型变化,各时期遗址主要分布在海拔低、坡度低的地区,有沿河分 布的特征;早期遗址分布主要依赖于气候等自然因素,后期遗址分布受政策、交通、军事防御和经 济发展等人文因素的影响加重。
英文摘要:
      GIS spatial analysis method was introduced into the study of the ancient city sites in Shanxi province from Neo⁃ lithic to Ming and Qing Dynasties. The paper used Ripley's K function to study the spatial agglomeration of Shanxi ancient city sites in historical periods. The spatial distribution of the ancient city sites in different periods was analyzed from the topographic features. The natural and cultural factors affecting the distribution of the ancient city sites were analyzed by re⁃ ferring to historical data from Neolithic to Ming and Qing Dynasties. Buffer analysis was used to analyze the impact of riv⁃ ers. The results showed that the ancient city sites of Neolithic, Spring and Autumn-Qin and Han-Northern and Southern Dynasties were clustered in space, while those of Xia-Western Zhou, Sui and Tang, Song-Yuan and Ming and Qing Dynas⁃ ties were randomly distributed. The distance of the strongest clustering degree was different in each period. The number of the ancient city sites changed in "N" type. The ancient city sites of different periods were mainly distributed in the areas with low elevation and low slope, and had the characteristics of distribution along the river. The distribution of the ancient city sites was mainly dependent on natural factors such as climate in early period, and was influenced by cultural factors such as policy, transportation, military defence and economic development in later period.
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